Pokemon Go allows you to become the best trainer Pokemon has ever seen by venturing out into the real world (with even more changes designed to help!). To do that, though, you’ll need to understand all of its systems and metrics.
Pokemon caught in Pokemon Go have two key metrics: IV and CP. Respectively, they measure a species’ potential and power. Here are explanations for both IV and CP within the game, and more importantly, the differences between them.
IV in Pokemon Go
IV stands for individual values, which is something every Pokemon has. They determine your Pokemon’s potential in comparison to others of the same species, indicating how good they can be once fully powered up.
IVs are broken down into three statistics: attack, defense, and stamina (HP). Each of these statistics has an IV of 0 to 15. Therefore, perhaps the easiest way to think of these scores is as either a score out of 45, or as a percentage.
For example, a total IV score of 40 out of 45 (89%) would indicate a strong Pokemon, at least for that species. It is estimated that the chance of getting a perfect IV Pokemon is 1 in 4,096, although the chances of a 100 IV Pokemon varies depending on how you capture them.
Earning Pokemon from hatching eggs, completing field research tasks, and winning Raid Battles all drastically increase the chance of a perfect IV species.
The attack, defense, and stamina stats do the following:
- Attack: A factor determining how much damage a Pokemon can cause
- Defense: A factor determining how much damage a Pokemon can resist
- Stamina: A factor determining how long a Pokemon can survive
Base stats and IVs
While IVs are important and play a vital role when trying to find competitive Pokemon, base stats are objectively more important. Each species of Pokemon have different base stats which are made up of the aforementioned attack, defense, and stamina.
Every single species of Pokemon has exactly the same base stats. If we take Pikachu for example, it has a base of stats of 112 attack, 96 defense, and 111 stamina. A perfect IV Pikachu would increase each of these by 15.
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If we take Altered Forme Giratina, one of the strongest ‘mons in all of Pokemon Go, and put it up against Growlithe, there is only one winner. That’s irrespective of typing, too. Essentially, Giratina’s base stats are so superior that the IVs each of Pokemon are irrelevant.
CP explained in Pokemon Go
Generally, a Pokemon with higher CP will perform better in battle than one with a lower stat. There are other factors such as types, moveset, and weather bonuses that alter this paradigm, though. Nonetheless, it is a good way of determining a Pokemon’s strength at a base level.
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This does mean that a Pokemon with a high CP can have terrible IVs and vice-versa. While high CP Pokemon don’t need to be leveled up as much (they are closer to their maximum level) they can still be weak.
Conversely, a Pokemon with a low CP can have perfect IV values. As a result, it’s important to check a Pokemon’s IV using the appraisal feature Niantic introduced, or with an IV calculator such as PokeGenie if going into more detail.
IV vs CP — differences
IVs show a Pokemon’s potential within their own species. A perfect IV Pokemon, when fully levelled up, will be as powerful as that particular species can be.
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On the other hand, a high CP will show power in terms of an absolute score but might be on the lower end of the potential spectrum.
When battling, high CP Pokemon should be utilized. However, if you’re playing the long game, wanting that perfect Pokemon, and are willing to spend the Stardust to level it up, then IV scores are the key metric.